What is Bamboo plant?
Bamboo plant is a type of grass that has a hard, woody and hollow stem. It’s a perennial evergreen, which means it keeps growing each year and remains green year round. When looking at bamboo definition, we base it on its description; being a hard, woody plant with hollow stem.
Several species grow in various regions of the world, and many people have used them in almost everything from manufacturing medicine to constructing house furniture. This grass grows in a well-watered area and middle acidic soil in most instances. This plant has significant social and religious essences, for example, the desire to remain ethically straight.
Morphology and Structure of bamboo plant
After looking at bamboo definition, let’s have a short overview of its morphology and structure. Below are the basic parts of a bamboo plant:
The bamboo culm is also called the stem or stalk, which tends to be a tall woody shoot that develops from the Rhizome bud, this young shoot rapidly grows and reaches its full tallness with 100 days. The tallness that the Culm reaches in its first year will be its final height. However, the Bamboo plant will keep on growing thicker and taller culms. The point on the stem where a leafy branch or bud emerges, marked by prominent line is known as the Node.
Rhizome is the underground stems of a bamboo plant; it’s the Rhizomes that produce the culms. Rhizomes are bulbous in their appearance with every individual portion of the rhizome decreasing towards its end to shape a “neck” which connects with its other segments. The rhizome has roots that rise out of its nodes, and it is these roots that forage for nutrients from the soil.
Buds develop on alternate sides of the culm and rhizomes of the bamboo. Buds are key points from where new axes rise and from where a new plant can grow. Culm buds are positioned slightly above the nodes. Nodes are the place the rhizome, culm and branches of a bamboo are segmented by strong growth points.
This is the section between two nodes. The length between two nodes differs from species to species, and these inter nodes are usually hollow and are covered by sheaths in the early stages of growth, however as the plant develops these sheaths fall off and turn into mulch that is ideal for providing essential nutrients to the growing plant.
Roots have a significant influence in soil anchor and are essential for the survival of the bamboo as the roots’ part is to transplant water and supplements to other parts of the bamboo plant. Since the roots of the bamboo are shallow, they develop best in moisture retentive soil and benefit from mulches of organic materials.
Varieties of Bamboo of bamboo plant
There are roughly 91 general and around 1000 types of bamboo around the world. They vary in height from about one-foot plants to giant bamboos that grow over 100 feet tall. However, bamboo is broadly classified into two main classifications – Running Bamboo and Clumping Bamboo.
To conclude our bamboo definition, We recommend that you try planting this incredible plant. Given the right conditions, a bamboo will grow to its full tallness in only a couple of years. Roots of a Bamboo grow from the nodes of the rhizome and of the underground sections of the culms. The root system is a shallow yet spreads over a large area. Growing this plant will offer you a lot of benefits.