If you are a landscaping enthusiast, you should know the botanical difference that exists between the various bamboo varieties. Bamboo can be categorized into two; the cold-hardy type and warmer climate type. This can be narrowed down to running and clumping varieties. To know the varieties that best fits your area, you should know the lowest temperature in your area during the winter season.
These are cold tolerant bamboos capable of adding beauty to your landscape in partial or full shaded areas. The bamboo varieties in this category can be used to create evergreen hedges and privacy screens. Some can withstand temperatures as low as -20 degree F. Let’s look at the best varieties in each category;
Running bamboo varieties for cold-hardy climates
· Phyllostachys Aurea (Golden Bamboo)
This is an evergreen bamboo that features thick foliage. It’s best used as a sound barrier and is extensively preferred as a privacy screen. The bamboo becomes less aggressive in cold climates but grows fast in hot climates. It can grow in temperatures below 5 degree F. When grown in the right conditions, it can reach a maximum height of 30 feet.
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· Phyllostachys nigra (Black bamboo)
It features feathery green leaves and black culms. Mature black bamboos have culms that measure 2 inches in diameter. The plant is capable of growing up to 35 feet high. When the bamboo is grown in poor soil, it tends to grow in a cluster. However, when grown in well drained fertile soil, it spreads vigorously.
· Phyllostachys rubromarginata (Red margin bamboo)
It grows well in extreme cold-hardy areas. The bamboo can survive at temperatures of -5 degree F to -10 degree F.
Clumping bamboo varieties for cold-hardy climates
· Fargesia Murielae (umbrella bamboo)
This is a hardy bamboo suited for cold climates. It’s known as one of the most beautiful bamboos. The bamboo can reach a height of 3 to 4 meters. Further, it can tolerate temperatures below -20 degree F. The umbrella bamboo is wind resistant, hence most suitable for screening.
· Bashania Fargesii (Chinese mountain bamboo)
It’s native to central china. The bamboo features dark green leaves. It thrives well in moist fertile soils. The culm diameter is 6 cm and can attain a height of 8 meters.
Warm climate types
Clumping varieties for warm climates
· Bambusa multiplex (Silverstripe bamboo)
This bamboo cannot thrive in temperatures below 12 degree F. The culms measure 3cm in diameter and can attain a maximum height of 4 feet. Due to its tolerance in warm areas, it works as a hedge.
· Bambusa multiplex riviereorum (Chinese goddess bamboo)
It features fern-like leaves and is mostly used for hedging. The culm diameter is 1 cm.The bamboo is capable of growing up to 3 m high. It grows well in an area with full or partial sun.
Running variety for warm climates
· Phyllostachys Bambusoides (Giant Japanese Timber)
This is one of the famous bamboo varieties thanks to its excellent wood quality. It grows well in warm climates. The bamboo cannot survive in temperatures below 5 degree F. When exposed to full sun, it will develop thick culms and attain a height of 72 feet.
The above bamboo varieties can be used to enhance the look of your garden.