Black bamboo is one of the popular and most cultivated species of bamboo. It’s non-invasive and belongs to the Phyllostachys family. It’s cultivated in southern China and some parts of United States. It remains one of the most sought species due to its unique color. In areas like China; black bamboo is used as timber.
It’s also used for making musical instruments and black charcoal bread. This plant rarely produces flowers and takes 5 to 6 years to reach maximum height. It forms an ecological threat by spreading deliberately from the planted garden to bushlands.
When it starts to grow, it’s green in color then turns black after one to three years. However, some black bamboo species like Muchisasa and Punctata do not turn black but retains brown spotting. The leaves are light green and can take feather-like arrangement.
They measure 4-13 cm long depending on the age of the plant. In addition, the stems may be smooth or ribbed. The bamboo resembles large perennial woody grass and can attain a maximum height of 35 ft. The node has purplish to brown hairs while branches unfold from each node shedding the protective culm sheaths. Slender canes are formed after two to three seasons.
Discover the best black bamboo.
It can grow in variety of climates including the semi-arid zones. However, it needs rich black soil to grow well. New shoots begin to appear in April and buy June the plant will have reached maximum height. It’s recommended that you choose a well lit area with plenty of sunlight.
Planting black bamboo
Dig a hole 4-6 inches in depth that is 3 times root ball. Mix the soil with compost before refilling the hole. The plants should be spaced 5ft apart. Refill the hole and water thoroughly after planting. Make sure you water the plants 2 to 3 times on weekly basis to keep the soil soggy.
To ensure that new shoots don’t run in all directions, you should insert a containment barrier around the plant. The black bamboo species is a heavy feeder. It’s recommended that you apply compost every three to four months.
Black bamboo care and maintenance
· Root pruning
First, you need to understand how and why the bamboo spreads. Since black bamboo has fast spreading habits, continuous root pruning is recommended. Once you employ proper root pruning techniques, you can be guaranteed the bamboo will not spread to the nearby bushlands. Root pruning should be done two to three times in a year.
One of the most effective root pruning techniques is rhizome barrier. It involves digging a trench that measures 28 inches deep by 6 inches wide. Sometimes installation of rhizome barrier can be a difficult task depending on the area. For this method to work effectively, it should be done once a year.
· Fertilizer application
This is one of the ways to keep bamboo plant healthy. Black bamboo responds well to nitrogen fertilizer. However, compost and manure can be used as the natural source of nitrogen. This species of bamboo goes through two growth phases .The first application is usually done at spring, since this is the period the plant tries to gain new shoots. The second application is done during the summer period when the rhizomes are expanding. You should also spread the fertilizer to areas you want the bamboo to spread.
Watering should be done from late spring through fall 2 to 4 times a week. Even through mature bamboo tend to be drought resistant; this species grows well where there is consistent source of water. If you note the leaves of the bamboo tree have curled up, it’s usually a sign of dehydration. If the plant is not watered, the leaves will form tight rolls, dry out and fall after a few days.
· Over wintering
If you are expecting severe winter, you should provide an extra layer of mulch usually 3-5 inches deep. This is to help the roots retain heat. For young bamboo, the roots should be allowed to establish fully. Freezing often interferes with the root system. If the plant is covered with layers of frost, it could be an irreversible damage. It’s recommended that you plant some cold hardened plant to protect the bamboo from excessive wind exposure.
Natural black bamboo poles
Black bamboo poles are easy to use since they are already colored for you. They can be used in variety of applications. One can use them for room décor, various room designs or as frames. Some use them as private space dividers. The dark ebony rich black and brown tones are used to decorate outdoors while thick ones are used to decorate indoors.
They are natural and completely free of stains and dyes. The poles are also useful in different business development projects. Bamboo poles can be used to make art canes, jewelry, art frames, furniture etc. They can be cut in different sizes like 5, 8 and 10 ft lengths with 1 to 2 inch diameter lengths. There are endless possibilities to put the poles in use.
How to decorate with black bamboo
Black bamboo is highly priced material for decorative work due to its rich color. This species of bamboo adds a level of sophistication in homes. It can be used to make a strong design statement that adds style in the room décor. For example, one can create distinctive frames with black bamboo .Black adds handsome assent to the exteriors. In fact, black can match with any piece of art.
It can also be used to decorate any room of your home. To create an appealing display, you can arrange the poles in a decorative vase. The color is even more appealing when used in its natural form. You can also cover the walls with black poles. You should check the varieties of unique DIY art projects and choose one that is perfect for your home.
Fencing with black bamboo poles
The poles are treated to make them water-resistant and increase their durability. The bamboo will add a modern style to the scene and the yard will appear larger. Since they tend to compliment any type of outdoor décor, they can be used in home backyards to create private fences. To create the fence, you need all the working tools.
Black bamboo can be the focal point of your landscape. It’s highly sought for furniture and decorative artwork. This ever green plant is versatile, affordable and can be used to enhance beauty in your home.