Dwarf bamboo varieties are easy to grow and come with unique features. They are much sought because of their versatility and ornamental capabilities. Most dwarf species feature 1 foot growth habit. Once they are fully established, they require little care and maintenance. However, they may require some serious attention when it comes to lighting conditions.
The dwarf species feature different growth habits and come in variety of colors. In addition, to ensure you’re able to control the shape and size of the bamboo, pruning should be done in autumn. Dwarf bamboos should be fertilized once every year and watered regularly.
One can trim the foliage according to his or her preferred height to make a fantastic privacy hedge. Similarly; the bamboo can be used as a wind break, sound barrier, ground cover, border plant or as a wood-lander. When planting dwarf species that are invasive in nature, it’s recommended that you leave a distance of 2 feet from one plant to another to allow the root system expand.
Most popular dwarf varieties
· Sasa pygmaea
It’s a fast growing aggressive spreader. This bamboo is ever green and comes with feathery dense clumps. It can grow in full or partial sun .Watering is usually done once in a week but may require more water in extreme heat conditions. It can be used to control soil erosion, since it forms an excellent ground cover. The bamboo is invasive in nature, so a root barrier maybe necessary. It’s mostly used in Asian and Japanese gardens to add beauty thanks to its unique texture.
· Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo (pleibblastis fortune)
It can grow in sunny and part-sunny conditions. However, the bamboo should not be exposed to the sun for more than 6 hours. This variety is capable of attaining 2 to 4 feet. On the other hand, it can be grown both indoors and outdoors. It features bold white-on-green variegated leaves. Before it sends up new shoots, the foliage should be clipped back to the ground level.
· Dwarf fernleaf bamboo (Pleioblastus distichus)
It’s one of the smallest bamboo varieties. The distinctive feature of this bamboo is its roughness. It prefers part-sun or sunny conditions.This bamboo can be grown indoors or outdoors and can attain a maximum height of 2 feet.
How to grow dwarf bamboo in containers
First, select a container based on the size of the plant. Make some drainage holes and place some pebbles at the bottom. Mix top soil with compost, then put into the container.
Secondly, transplant the plant from the original pot into the container then sprinkle some water immediately.
Thirdly, provide some shade to prevent water evaporation. Frequent watering is required on daily basis until the plant is fully established. Most dwarf varieties require moist, well-drained soil. During this period, ensure you apply dilute nitrogenous fertilizers to your plant.
During autumn, you should remove the top 6 inches using a pruning saw. Due to the aggressive nature of dwarf varieties, pruning should be done twice every year. This should go together with ground mowing. With time, the stems age and are replaced with shoots. Periodic pruning ensures the plant look healthy.
When planting dwarf bamboo, it’s recommended that you follow the planting guide to achieve the best results.