A giant bamboo can grow up to 100 feet high. For most species, the girth measures 7 inches in diameter. Some of the most common giant bamboos include Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis), phyllostachys nigra and Japanese timber bamboo (Phyllostachys bambusoides). If you want to yield massive plants in your garden in just a few years, you must be sure you are growing the correct species. The shoots are used as ingredient in many Asian dishes.
Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis)
It’s one of the most sought timber bamboo in the world. Phyllostachys edulis holds a central role in Japanese culture. It’s used as food and construction material. This giant bamboo is capable of attaining a maximum height of 15 meters with a culm diameter of 20 cm. The culms can mature in two seasons .On the other hand, the rhizomes can extend in all directions taking over a large area once it’s fully established. This makes the bamboo a running species. The flowering cycle for Moso is unpredictable but is likely to occur in every 50 to 100 years.
Giant black bamboo- phyllostachys nigra
It features feathery green leaves and jet black culms. The bamboo will grow 2 inches in diameter and attain a maximum height of 25 feet in average climates. It should be grown in rich topsoil. Further, the plants should be well spaced. When phyllostachys nigra is grown in poorly drained soil; thin, weepy culms are produced. The soil should be kept moist but not soggy until the plant is fully established. Giant black bamboo is used as a decorative wood since it retains mottled colors when dried.
How to plant Moso bamboo seeds
Soak the seeds in a container full of water for at least one day. Place the soaked seeds in a paper towel then wrap the entire container. It’s recommended that you place the container in a warm place but not necessarily in sunlight. After a few days, the seeds will sprout .Pot them in a soil container once they are one inch long, then wrap them with saran until the leaves appear. Wrap them off and make sure they don’t dry out. Spray the plants to keep moist and put them in the sun.
Growth of giant bamboo
Most giant bamboo species can grow up to 40 inches within 24 hours. Similarly, the cane can reach its maximum height within one season. During the spring period, the soft shoots emerge from the soil. They are yellow, purple, brown or reddish in color. The culm is usually protected by sheath but sheds off as the bamboo grows taller.
Uses of giant bamboo species
Today, giant bamboo is becoming increasingly popular in United States for construction purposes. It’s versatile and can be used in a number of applications. In china, it’s used as plywood and as a flooring material. Bamboo has become a viable alternative to particle board and MDF. Bamboo flooring is durable and a perfect alternative to traditional hardwood floors. In Asia, it’s used for scaffolding and constructing small bridges.
Where to buy giant bamboo
Giant bamboo is available in a number of suppliers both locally and online. It’s recommended that you buy from a nursery that manages commercial production or from a dealer who has extensive knowledge on giant bamboo species.