Bamboo is the strongest and fastest growing woody plant on earth. It’s versatile and simple to grow. If you no idea how to grow bamboo, you need to learn a few tips. There are many online materials that can guide you through the entire process. Growing bamboo can be a tricky exercise if you are in an area that receives hot and cold climates.
To ensure you understand how to grow bamboo on your own, you must do the following;
Know the various types of bamboo
For those who have no idea how to grow bamboo, they need to know the different bamboo species. Bamboo plants are classified either as running bamboo, clumping type or reeds. Running bamboos are invasive in nature and spreads rhizomes to other areas.
On the other hand, clumping bamboos are in cluster form and rarely spreads to other areas. Reeds can either be the clumping type or running bamboo and are rarely grown in yards. Bamboo grows well in frost-free temperatures.
Identify bamboo species that match your climate
Most bamboo species will do well in tropical climates. A few varieties will do well in hot and cold climates. For those who live in cold climate area, they can try clumping type varieties like Fargesia Robusta, papyrifera, Chusquea gigantean among others. Alternatively, for those who want grow bamboo in warmer areas, they should consider varieties like Borinda boliana and phyllostachys nigra.
Choose the right planting location
Although bamboo may tolerate most soil types, most species thrive in well-drained soils. It’s recommended that you choose a place that receives sunlight for the better part of the day. However, most species will require some shade during the day. For those that live in winter prone areas, they should consider planting in those areas that receive some shade as opposed to direct sunlight.
Prepare your land
Before planting, you should till the soil, then mix with organic matter. This helps in retention of soil moisture and provides additional nutrients into the soil. You should avoid soils that are impermeable and those that are soggy.
Secondly, since bamboo has shallow root system, it’s likely to be uprooted by strong wind. To ensure your plants are not affected by strong winds, you should erect a barrier. For those who intend to plant running bamboo species, they should ensure the rhizomes don’t spread to unintended areas by constructing barriers.
Know when to plant
The right time to plant established seedlings is during the spring season. This will give the plants ample time to grow during the summer period. For severe hot climates, make sure you plant on early spring to avoid intense heat during summer season.
Transplanting should be done after 3 to 4 months. During this period the seedlings produce sprouts and rhizomes.
From one bamboo plant to another, you should leave a space of 3 to 5 feet. The hole where you transplant your bamboo should be twice the root mass of a bamboo plant. However, for clumping type, you should leave a space of 1 to 2 feet from one plant to another.
Now you know how to grow bamboo in your garden. This wonder plant can supply you with food, wood and can be used to beautify your garden.