Bamboo Growth Rate:
Bamboo growth rate is determined by species selection, soil, sunlight and watering conditions. It’s also dependent on care and maintenance you give to a bamboo plant. Every year, new shoots grow to multiple canes. It takes about 4 years for most species to reach their maximum size. Since bamboo is a member of the grass family, it uses energy from the existing plant to expand the root structure.
Although the plant will put on new foliage every year, a cane can live up to 10 years. In an ideal condition the tallest species of bamboo can attain a maximum height of 100 feet. Today, there are more than 1400 species of bamboo. They share some superlative characteristics and are known to be the fastest growing plants in the world.
Growth characteristics of a bamboo
A bamboo will grow to new plant from the original shoots. For instance, running bamboo usually send shoots a distance from the parent plant. On the other hand, the clamping type occupies a larger diameter but it’s more controllable. Before you plant the running bamboo, you must identify the most effective method of controlling the shoots.
Fastest Growing Bamboo Species
· Moso bamboo
This is one of the largest bamboo species. It can reach a height of 10 feet in just three weeks. However, the bamboo growth rate is dependent on the climate conditions. As it grows taller, it becomes thicker and can attain a maximum height of 90 feet. This species of bamboo is largely classified as a timber bamboo. In china, it’s used for making plywood, furniture and flooring materials. In other countries the shoots are used as a recipe for different food cuisines.
· Silverstripe bamboo
This is a clumping type bamboo with the fastest growth rate. This species only grows one inch in diameter .The leaves have white stripes. It’s hardy and capable of growing when temperatures are below 18 degrees F. The bamboo can reach a maximum height of 25 feet.
· Golden bamboo
It’s referred to as Phyllostachys aurea or the fishing bamboo. It can tolerate sunny conditions to achieve a maximum height of 35 feet. The canes are light green in color but turn gold when the plant receives sufficient sunlight. When it’s not trimmed, it forms a dense grove which acts as a good privacy screen. The bamboo growth rate is dependent on the climate conditions. It tends to grow slowly in cool climates.
· Greenstripe Vivax
It features yellow canes with green stripes. It grows fast to reach a maximum height of 45 feet. The canes are 5 inches in diameter. This species does well in harsh climatic conditions and is suitable for growing as a hedge.
· Chinese timber bamboo
In ideal conditions, it can attain a height of 40 to 45 feet .However; it’s capable of reaching a maximum height of 60 to 70 feet. This species of bamboo is valued by the Chinese as a hardwood timber.
A bamboo tree grows well in a rich fertile soil. It’s recommended that you incorporate organic matter into the soil. Although these plants have shallow root systems, they need plenty of water. To ensure there is no standing water, you should plant them on raised beds. Similarly, if you want to accelerate bamboo growth rate, you should apply nitrogen fertilizers, compost or manure.